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Subcutaneous Lesion in an Oncologic Patient

A 40-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our university hospital after she noticed a mass in the right supraclavicular area. The lump was easily palpable, sized 1-1.5 cm, firm, and rather immovable, with surrounding edema (Figure 1). She had noticed the lesion approximately 2 weeks earlier, and during that time the mass was gradually enlarging. Her personal […]

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Hypertestosteronemia and Infertility from a Mediastinal Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor

Extragonadal germ cell tumors are tumors of gonadal origin representing less than 5% of germ cell malignancies that form outside gonads. These are typically found in the mediastinum, retroperitoneum, or pineal gland. A 26-year-old man presented to the infertility clinic in January 2016 with a 2-year history of infertility. He had known hypertrophic cardiomyopathy due […]

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Independent of Cirrhosis, Hepatocellular Carcinoma Risk Is Increased with Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver malignancy, commonly a sequelae of hepatitis C infection, but can complicate cirrhosis of any cause. Whether metabolic syndrome and its components, type II diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma independent of cirrhosis is unknown. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the MarketScan insurance […]

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Doubly Dangerous: Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma

The patient’s disease was already very advanced when the diagnosis was determined, and a hazardous complication was developing as well. A 63-year-old woman presented with a 2-month history of symmetrical violaceous swelling of the face (Figure 1A). Faint violaceous patches also marked her neck, upper chest, upper back, and both arms (Figure 1B). In addition, she had been […]

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Immunotherapy in Squamous Cell Skin Carcinoma: A Game Changer?

  A 74-year-old white male was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in 2013. Six months after Mohs surgery, he underwent a left superficial parotidectomy, left neck dissection, and excision of the left postauricular lymph node after confirmation of lymphatic spread. Pathology from the left parietal scalp lesion revealed multifocal invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Extranodal tumor […]

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