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30-Day Readmissions After an Acute Kidney Injury Hospitalization

The risk of hospital readmission in acute kidney injury survivors is not well understood. We estimated the proportion of acute kidney injury patients who were rehospitalized within 30 days and identified characteristics associated with hospital readmission. Methods We conducted a population-based study of patients who survived a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury from 2003-2013 […]

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The Extent of Myocardial Injury During Prolonged Targeted Temperature Management After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

  The aim of this study is to evaluate the extent of myocardial injury by cardiac biomarkers during prolonged targeted temperature management of 24 hours vs 48 hours after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Methods This randomized Scandinavian multicenter study compares the extent of myocardial injury quantified by area under the curve (AUC) of cardiac biomarkers during […]

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Diuretic Use and Risk of Vertebral Fracture in Women

  Vertebral fracture is the most common type of osteoporotic fracture. While thiazide diuretics, which are commonly prescribed for the treatment of hypertension, decrease calciuria, they may also induce hyponatremia, which has been associated with increased vertebral fracture risk. Loop diuretics increase calciuria, which would reduce bone mineral density and increase vertebral fracture risk, but […]

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Significance of Comorbid Psychological Stress and Depression on Outcomes After Cardiac Rehabilitation

  Depression is associated with increased mortality in stable coronary heart disease. Cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training has been shown to decrease depression, psychological stress, and mortality after a coronary heart disease event. The presence of depression at completion of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training is associated with increased mortality. However, it is unknown if […]

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Association Between Gout and Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  We investigated the association between gout and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods Population-based representative insurance (outpatient and inpatient) claims data of 29,765 patients with gout and 59,530 controls without gout (1:2 case:control ratio) between 1998 and 2010 in Taiwan were identified. The association between gout and type 2 diabetes was evaluated […]

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