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doctor testing for blood pressure

Longitudinal Patterns of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Predict the Development of Hypertension Among Men and Women

Most of the existing literature has linked a baseline cardiorespiratory fitness or change between baseline and one follow-up measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness to hypertension. The purpose of the study is to assess the association between longitudinal patterns of cardiorespiratory fitness changes with time and incident hypertension in adult men and women. Methods Participants were aged […]

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Telemedicine Specialty Support Promotes Hepatitis C Treatment by PCPs

The Department of Veterans Affairs is the largest US provider of hepatitis C treatment. Although antiviral regimens are becoming simpler, hepatitis C antivirals are not typically prescribed by primary care providers. The Veterans Affairs Extension for Community Health Outcomes (VA-ECHO) program was launched to promote primary care–based hepatitis C treatment using videoconferencing-based specialist support. We […]

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Trends in Prolonged Hospitalizations in the United States from 2001 to 2012

Health policy debate commonly focuses on frequently hospitalized patients, but less research has examined trends in long-stay patients, despite their high cost, effect on availability of hospital beds, and physical and financial implications for patients and hospitals. Methods Using the National Inpatient Sample, a nationally representative sample of acute care hospitalizations in the US, we […]

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The Case for Medical History in Physicians’ Education

Although medical historians have long promoted medical history as an important component of physicians’ knowledge, reasoning, and clinical practice,1 they have made no effort to determine what physicians or physicians-in-training themselves think of or know of medical history. We conducted the present survey to fill this informational void. Materials and Methods Study Population Our study population […]

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Smoking Cessation: The Urgent Need for Increased Utilization of Varenicline

In the US, cigarette smoking causes 480,000 premature deaths annually, due mainly to a twofold increased risk of cardiovascular disease and a 20-fold increased risk of lung cancer.1 Public health efforts and effective cessation treatments–including behavioral counseling and medications–have decreased US rates to approximately 14%; they are markedly increasing in most developing countries.2 Smoking and the emerging […]

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