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Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors, Peripheral Arterial Disease, and Lower Extremity Amputation Risk in Diabetic Patients

Recent studies have elucidated the vascular protective effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. However, to date, no large-scale studies have been carried out to determine the impact of DPP-4 inhibitors on the occurrence of peripheral arterial disease, and lower extremity amputation risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods We conducted a retrospective registry […]

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Still Febrile After All These Weeks

A previously healthy 28-year-old man was admitted to an outside hospital with fever, pharyngitis, and diarrhea. His symptoms began with generalized fatigue, fever, night sweats, pharyngitis, diffuse myalgias and arthralgias, and 10-pound weight loss. He self-administered a 5-day course of azithromycin. Afterwards, he developed malodorous and watery diarrhea, abdominal cramping, tenesmus, and incomplete evacuation. On […]

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The Clinical Course of Venous Thromboembolism May Differ According to Cancer Site

We hypothesized that the clinical course of venous thromboembolism in patients with active cancer may differ according to the specificities of primary tumor site. Aim and Methods We used data from RIETE (international registry of patients with venous thromboembolism) to compare the clinical venous thromboembolism-related outcomes during the course of anticoagulation in patients with one […]

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‘Urinary Tract Infection’ and the Microbiome

The current paradigm for managing uncomplicated “urinary tract infection” (“UTI”) is deeply flawed. “UTI” is ambiguously defined, and coupled with a belief that “bacteria are not normal inhabitants of the urinary tract,”1 the diagnosis often leads to unnecessary, harmful antibiotic treatment. Although bacteriuria identified by standard clinical cultures (which we will call standard bacteriuria) is central […]

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The Missing Antibody: The Pitfalls of ANCA Testing

A 44-year-old white woman presented to the hospital with acute shortness of breath while on a flight back to England from a holiday in Turkey. She denied having a productive cough, hemoptysis, or chest or calf pain. She was asthmatic, and her symptoms were improved by repeated administration of her salbutamol inhaler during the flight. […]

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