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Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus: A Review for the Internist

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus occurs due to reactivation of the varicella zoster virus in the ophthalmic branch of the fifth cranial nerve. This disease primarily affects the elderly as well as the immunocompromised and can result in a wide range of ophthalmic morbidity. Systemic antiviral therapy is the mainstay of treatment; however, consultation with an ophthalmologist […]

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Essential Facts About Mosquito Control and Zika Virus

The threat to persons living in the southern United States from Zika virus (ZIKV) is both significant and ongoing. Although there are several modes of transmission of ZIKV to humans, mosquito transmission is the primary avenue by which persons become infected. Only 2 mosquito species are likely able to transmit ZIKV to humans in the […]

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Abdominal Tuberculosis Presenting as a Malignant Masquerader

  A previously healthy, immunocompetent, US-born, 48-year-old black woman presented with 6 months of subjective fevers, night sweats, and intermittent abdominal pain. Initial computed tomography scan (Figure 1) revealed a pancreatic versus peripancreatic mass and multiple liver lesions concerning for metastatic pancreatic cancer; percutaneous fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the liver lesions revealed inflammatory changes and no […]

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close up of a mosquito on skin

The Clinical Spectrum of Zika Virus in Returning Travelers

The clinical spectrum of Zika virus had, to date, been described in small series from endemic/epidemic countries and is not well established. Methods We describe the clinical manifestations of laboratory-proven Zika virus infection in Israeli travelers during December 2015-February 2016, and review all published cases of travel-related Zika virus. Results During the study period, 8 […]

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close up of a mosquito on skin

Re-Emergence of Zika Virus: A Review on Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

  Zika virus (ZKV) is an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family, which includes West Nile, dengue fever, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis virus. It is transmitted by the Aedes genus of mosquitoes. Before 2015, ZKV outbreaks occurred in areas of Africa, the Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia. The current large outbreak, which began in Brazil, has also […]

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