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Torus Mandibularis

A 34-year-old male patient presented with asymptomatic bony overgrowth in his mandibular arch. The overgrowth started 5 years back and gradually kept on increasing to its present size. On intraoral examination, the bony overgrowth was present bilaterally on the lingual surface of the mandible from canine to first molar region, measuring about 1.4 cm × 1 […]

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The History of the Salt Wars

The “Salt–Blood Pressure Hypothesis” states that an increase in the intake of salt leads to an increased in blood pressure and subsequently increases the risk for cardiovascular events, which has been a point of contention for decades. This article covers the history and some of the key players pertaining to “The Salt Wars” during the […]

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Is Salt a Culprit or an Innocent Bystander in Hypertension? A Hypothesis Challenging the Ancient Paradigm

For decades the notion that an excessive consumption of salt (NaCl) leads to hypertension has persisted. However, this idea is based on opinion, not scientific proof. Despite this, every health organization, agency, and clinicians around the world have been advising salt restriction, especially to hypertensive patients. The present review article suggests that the consumption of […]

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Screening of Celiac Disease in Patients With Sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis and celiac disease (CD) are both autoimmune disorders, which have been associated with class II haplotype HLA-DR3, DQ2. Literature demonstrates this combination is more prevalent in the Irish population.1 Celiac disease is caused by the ingestion of gluten, where the predisposed population (HLA BQ2 or BQ8 carriers) develop antibodies against gluten peptides. The prevalence of […]

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Incorporating Formal Nutrition Education into a Medical School Curriculum

Since the 1985 report titled “Nutrition Education in U.S. Medical Schools,” The National Research Council has recommended at least 25 to 30 hours of nutrition education in graduate medical education.1 However, a 2013 survey of 133 US medical schools found that 71% of programs continue to fall short in providing the minimum recommended 25 hours of […]

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