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High Prevalence and Clinical/Sociodemographic Correlates of Miscarriages Among Flight Attendants

There are many occupational health hazards associated with long hours of air travel, including cosmic radiation exposure, circadian rhythm disruptions, prior and secondhand smoke exposure, for flight attendants who flew before smoking bans were initiated in the 1990s. Previous studies in flight attendants have found increased incidence of breast cancer and melanoma. However, there is […]

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Sex Differences in the Management and 5-Year Outcome of Young Patients (<55 Years) with Acute Coronary Syndromes

Premature presentation of ischemic heart disease has become increasingly common. According to recent reports, patients younger than 55 years account for 23% of all patients with acute coronary syndrome.1 Premenopausal women are less likely than men of similar ages to present with acute coronary syndrome, accounting for only 17%-20%1, 2 of cases. Studies have consistently shown that the […]

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Osteoporosis in the Women’s Health Initiative: Another Treatment Gap?

Osteoporotic fractures are associated with high morbidity, mortality, and cost. Methods We performed a post hoc analysis of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trials data to assess osteoporosis treatment and identify participant characteristics associated with utilization of osteoporosis medication(s) after new diagnoses of osteoporosis or fracture. Information from visits prior to and immediately subsequent […]

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Time to Clinically Relevant Fracture Risk Scores in Postmenopausal Women

Clinical practice guidelines recommend use of fracture risk scores for screening and pharmacologic treatment decisions. The timing of occurrence of treatment-level (according to 2014 National Osteoporosis Foundation guidelines) or screening-level (according to 2011 US Preventive Services Task Force guidelines) fracture risk scores has not been estimated in postmenopausal women. Methods We conducted a retrospective competing […]

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How the USPSTF’s Mammographic Screening Guidelines Should Be Interpreted

In 2016, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) issued their final recommendation for mammographic screening for breast cancer, advising women to undergo biennial screening between the ages of 50 and 74 years (B recommendation), and that the decision to undergo screening for women aged 40-49 years should be an individual one, and a woman may […]

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