Tag Archives: Infectious disease
close up of a mosquito on skin

Re-Emergence of Zika Virus: A Review on Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

  Zika virus (ZKV) is an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family, which includes West Nile, dengue fever, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis virus. It is transmitted by the Aedes genus of mosquitoes. Before 2015, ZKV outbreaks occurred in areas of Africa, the Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia. The current large outbreak, which began in Brazil, has also […]

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Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia Masquerading as Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis

A 34-year-old Hispanic man with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus presented with 2 weeks of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, rash, and syncope. Five days before presentation he developed an erythematous petechial rash on his right hand that spread sequentially to his left hand, forearms, feet, legs, and flanks. The […]

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A Cryptic Case: Isolated Cerebral Mucormycosis

A Cryptic Case: Isolated Cerebral Mucormycosis Presentation A rare infection raging within the brain of a 50-year-old African-American man was impossible to diagnose until after his death. He presented to the emergency department after the acute onset of garbled speech, confusion, right-arm weakness, and right facial droop. His medical history was significant for poorly controlled […]

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Bedside Diagnosis of the ‘Red Eye’: A Systematic Review

  By observing clinical variables primary care providers can accurately diagnose serious eye disease and bacterial conjunctivitis. Background In patients with red eye, traditional teachings suggest that photophobia, visual blurring, and eye pain indicate serious eye disease; in patients with presumed conjunctivitis, the finding of purulent drainage traditionally indicates a bacterial cause. The accuracy of […]

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