Tag Archives: neurology

Concussion

Concussion has been recognized as a clinical entity for more than 1000 years. Throughout the 20th century it was studied extensively in boxers,1, 2, 3 but it did not pique the interest of the general population because it is the accepted goal of the boxer to inflict such an injury on their opponent. In 2002, however, the possibility […]

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Leptomeningeal Infiltration, the Hallmark of Neurosarcoidosis

A 22-year-old human immunodefiency virus–negative man was admitted to the intensive care unit for generalized seizures. The patient’s family reported a 1-month history of asthenia and intermittent confusion. Clinical examination revealed isolated inappropriateness of behavior related to a frontal lobe syndrome, without any neck stiffness or neurologic deficit. The patient’s temperature was 37°C. Results from […]

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Hemispheric Cerebral Edema

  A 67-year-old previously healthy man was admitted in November after a seizure. Examination showed normal vital signs, right hemiparesis and facial palsy, global aphasia, and right upper motor neuron signs but no meningeal irritation. Results from chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, and laboratory tests were normal. Neuromaging revealed left hemispheric cerebral edema without evidence of vascular […]

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Conquering ‘Neurophobia’

The evaluation of a patient with neurologic disease remains one of the most daunting and anxiety-provoking tasks in clinical medicine. From the perspective of physicians who are not trained in neurology, the performance and interpretation of the neurologic examination is shrouded in mystery. The angst associated with the study of neuroscience begins in medical school […]

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Cerebral Fat Embolism in Hemoglobin SC Disease

A 63-year-old Caribbean man was admitted to the hospital for low back and pelvic pain. His medical history included sickle cell hemoglobin (Hb) C disease with no vaso-occlusive crisis within the last 20 years, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease treated with inhaled corticosteroids for the last 4 years. A few hours after admission, respiratory distress […]

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