Tag Archives: Rheumatology

Joint Hypermobility Syndrome: Recognizing a Commonly Overlooked Cause of Chronic Pain

Joint hypermobility syndrome, also known as benign hypermobility syndrome, is a connective tissue disease characterized by joint instability, chronic pain, and minor skin changes. It shares many clinical features of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Hypermobility Type; enough so that many authorities consider them as one disease process. Approximately 3% of the general population is believed to have […]

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Looking for Sarcopenia Biomarkers

Sarcopenia, defined as age-associated loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, has emerged as an important public health issue. It is associated with higher mortality, morbidity, physical disability, and health care cost.1, 2While sarcopenia should be diagnosed with measurements of muscle mass and function, serum biomarkers are needed for screening of sarcopenia in a large population. […]

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Double Fixation: Bilateral Bisphosphonate-Related Hip Fractures

Bisphosphonates have been in use since the 1960s for the treatment of osteoporosis. They reduce bone resorption by inhibiting the action of osteoclast cells and also by inducing osteoclast apoptosis.1, 2 Since 2005, multiple studies have shown an increased prevalence of minimal-trauma subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures in patients taking long-term bisphosphonate therapy.2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 It is presumed that bisphosphonates […]

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Inside Out: Bone Marrow Necrosis and Fat Embolism

  Neurologic symptoms initially attributed to infection were ultimately the result of a devastating hematologic condition. The patient, a 57-year-old woman, was rushed to the emergency department for somnolence and slurred speech. She had experienced low back pain during the preceding week. Her medical history was notable for a ventriculoperitoneal shunt placed several years ago […]

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Progressive Collapse of the Thoracic Cage

A 48-year-old patient presented with severe and progressive painful shrinkage of the thoracic cage as the result of repetitive minor fractures. Chest radiographs showed a severe form of flail chest, and the lateral spine was overwhelmed by severe rigid scoliosis. At the age of 35 years and because of repetitive episodes of vertebral fractures and […]

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