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Variation in the Use of Warfarin and Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation and Associated Cost Implications

Little is known about national patterns of anticoagulant use among patients with atrial fibrillation after the availability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and the associated implications for healthcare spending. Methods The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a nationally representative survey, collects detailed information about prescription drug use, cost, and medical diagnoses. Using International Classification of Disease […]

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Right arm extensor surface (A) and left arm volar surface (C) prior to steroid therapy, depicting mottled erythema together with subcutaneous calcific deposits at the volar aspect of the upper arm, forearm, and antecubital fossa. Right arm (B) and left arm (D) after initiation of high-dose steroid therapy, showing marked improvement and resolution in erythema.

Febrile Calcinosis in Scleroderma

The collagen vascular diseases can be challenging for the internist and are associated with higher utilization of resources and less favorable outcomes among patients admitted to the inpatient medicine services.1 In this context, the acquisition of proficiency in recognizing a range of disease manifestations, common and uncommon, and familiarity with the appropriate therapeutic interventions are critical […]

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Relevant diagnostics and physical examination data. (A) Initial electrocardiogram on presentation to the critical care unit. (B) Still image of clonus on physical examination (refer to supplementary materials for video). (C) Electrocardiogram on discharge after successful treatment of serotonin syndrome.

Serotonin Syndrome Masquerading as Ventricular Tachycardia Storm

A 60-year-old woman with bipolar disorder presented to a local hospital after being found unresponsive at home. When assessed by emergency medical services, she was found to be tachycardic to 180 beats per minute and received 3 doses of adenosine on transport with no effect. Given concern for altered mental status, she was intubated for […]

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Nonanesthetic Effects of Ketamine: A Review Article

Ketamine is considered a dissociative anesthetic medication, and it is commonly administered by a parenteral route. It works mainly by blocking the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. It inhibits the voltage-gated Na and K channels and serotonin and dopamine reuptake; also, it affects specific receptors, such as α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid, kainate, and aminobutyric acid A receptors. Ketamine appears to […]

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Time trends of acute hepatitis C incidence by age groups: 2003-2016.

Hepatitis C Infection Screening and Management in Opioid Use Epidemics in the United States

Acute hepatitis C infection is on the rise in the United States, with a more than twofold increase in incidence rate from 2003 to 2016 overall and a threefold increase among young adults1, 2 (Figure). In 2016, a total of 2967 cases were reported from 42 states, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates the […]

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Tramadol: Understanding the Risk of Serotonin Syndrome and Seizures

Tramadol is commonly prescribed for pain control because it presents a lower risk for addiction and respiratory depression compared to other opioids. However, tramadol’s serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitory effects result in a unique adverse effect profile. Two such adverse events are serotonin syndrome and seizures. The prevalence of tramadol-induced serotonin syndrome and seizures is […]

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