Tag Archives: Fitness
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Weight Gain and Health Affliction Among Former National Football League Players

Professional American-style football players are among the largest athletes across contemporary sporting disciplines. Weight gain during football participation is common, but the health implications of this early-life weight gain remain incompletely understood. We sought to define weight trajectories of former professional American-style football athletes and to establish their relationship with 5 common health afflictions (cardiovascular […]

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Higher Fitness Is Strongly Protective in Patients with Family History of Heart Disease

Cardiorespiratory fitness protects against mortality; however, little is known about the benefits of improved fitness in individuals with a family history of coronary heart disease. We studied the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of incident coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality, hypothesizing an inverse relationship similar to individuals without a family history of coronary […]

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The Call for a Physical Activity Vital Sign in Clinical Practice

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the most common shared occupational health risk is sedentary behavior. Physical inactivity increases the relative risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, and osteoporosis by 45%, 60%, 30%, and 59%, respectively. Epidemiologic data suggest that physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of 25 chronic diseases. Because approximately 90% […]

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Fitness & Health Apps: Do They Work? (video)

Electronic gadgets make popular gifts. No doubt during this holiday season some of your patients will receive wearable fitness devices as gifts and others will start a New Year’s Resolution fitness regimen with a smartphone app. A recent article in Forbes claims that most doctors “don’t know what to do with” data that their patients […]

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Muscle mass loss estimated by using mixed-effect models analysis adjusted for age according to the investigated risk factors: (A) leisure physical activity (dotted line: ≥15 h/wk, solid line: <15 h/wk), (B) apparent free testosterone concentration (dotted line: ≥75 pmol/L, solid line: <75 pmol/L ), (C) parathyroid hormone concentration (dotted line: <45 pg/mL, solid line: ≥45 pg/mL), (D) diabetes (dotted line: nondiabetics, solid line: diabetics).

Predictive Parameters of Accelerated Muscle Loss in Men—MINOS Study

Background Aging-related muscle loss is a public health problem. We investigated the association of lifestyle and hormonal factors with a prospectively assessed muscle loss in older men. Methods Among 608 home-dwelling men, aged 60-85 (mean 68) years, lifestyle and health status were evaluated through a questionnaire. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass was estimated using dual-energy x-ray […]

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After adjustment for differences in body composition, African American women had a significantly lower resting metabolic rate compared with white women (difference for slopes P = .014, difference for Y-intercept P = .001).

Low Fitness and Resting Metabolic Rate Variability

Low Fitness Partially Explains Resting Metabolic Rate Differences Between African American and White Women African American women have a lower resting metabolic rate, compared to their white peers; low cardiorespiratory fitness explained one quarter of this difference. Abstract Background High levels of obesity among African American women have been hypothesized to be partially resultant from […]

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