Tag Archives: pulmonary
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Cough Syncope

Although cough is a common clinical symptom, the vasomotor effects on the heart and systemic circulation are often underappreciated. A healthy 42-year-old man without significant medical history presented with repetitive episodes of syncope during coughing. His examination, electrocardiogram, laboratory studies, and echocardiography results were normal, and carotid massage did not provoke any adverse response. During […]

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Chest x-ray study showing right pneumothorax (green arrow) approximately 0.5 cm wide extending from the apex to the third intercostal space and presence of pneumomediastinum (black arrow).

Recurrent Pneumothoraces: Making the Link to Catamenial Pneumothorax

A 44-year-old woman with history of endometriosis on ovulatory suppressant therapy and right spontaneous pneumothorax treated with tube thoracostomy 2 months prior, presented with dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain. Physical examination was remarkable for decreased breath sounds and hyperresonance over the right hemithorax. Her labs were unremarkable. Chest radiography revealed a right pneumothorax (Figure 1). Her […]

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Inferior vena cava respirophasic diameter variations between expiration (1:1.6 cm) and inspiration (2:1.2 cm). The top 2-dimensional image shows the correct ultrasound plane approximately 2 cm distal to the inferior cavo-atrial junction for M-mode measurements shown below.

Tele-Ultrasound to Guide Management of a Patient with Circulatory Shock

A 65-year-old man with a medical history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ethanol abuse presented to the emergency department with tachypnea, tachycardia, and an altered mental status. He was hypotensive at 90/60 mm Hg. Examination of the patient showed confusion and decreased left-sided breath sounds. The serum laboratory values were significant for a urea […]

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Unnecessary Hospitalizations for Pulmonary Embolism: Impact on US Health Care Costs

  Each year, more than 350,000 patients are treated for pulmonary embolism in US hospitals. Recent reports indicate that the majority of these patients do not have to be hospitalized: they can be safely treated at home, which will result in a tremendous decrease in our health care costs. One of the first reports that […]

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The patient presented with golf-ball-sized nodules on his extremities.

It Took a Village: Good’s Syndrome

A complex medical history became even more tangled when a 52-year-old man presented with a 4-week history of dry cough, dyspnea, weight loss, chills, subcutaneous nodules on his extremities, and fatigue. He had no fever. Initially, his primary care physician examined him and prescribed a course of clindamycin. Although the patient completed therapy, the nodules […]

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