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The Computerized ECG: Friend and Foe

Computerized interpretation of the electrocardiogram (ECG) began in the 1950s when conversion of its analog signal to digital form became available. Since then, automatic computer interpretations of the ECG have become routine, even at the point of care, by the addition of interpretive algorithms to portable ECG carts. Now, more than 100 million computerized ECG […]

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Point-of-Care Ultrasound for the Assessment of Digital Clubbing

  Digital clubbing, a resultant finding from the proliferation of connective tissue in the terminal portion of fingers or toes, has long been recognized as a sign for a number of underlying infectious, inflammatory, malignant, and vascular conditions.1 A profile angle >176° and a hyponychial angle >192° support the diagnosis of clubbing.1Quantification of these angles can […]

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Accuracy and Efficacy of Hand-Held Echocardiography in Diagnosing Valve Disease: A Systematic Review

In recent years, advances in technology have enabled hand-held echocardiography (HHE) to generate high-quality 2-dimensional and color Doppler images. As these devices become smaller, simpler, and more affordable, the question of whether HHE can augment or replace auscultation as the primary mode of cardiovascular diagnosis has become increasingly more relevant. If widely implemented, HHE has […]

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PET/CT images showing increased 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake that was consistent with a diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica. (A) Shoulders (blue arrows) and peritrochanteric bursae at hip joints (green arrows). (B) Greater trochanter (red arrows) and ischial tuberosities (yellow arrows).

Polymyalgia Rheumatica with Normal Inflammatory Markers

A 70-year-old man presented with pain in his shoulders, low back, and thighs for 1 year. He had difficulties when changing clothes, taking a bath, and getting out of bed because all these body movements aggravated the pain. He also experienced morning stiffness for 1 hour. Although his weight decreased by 5 kg because of loss […]

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Computerized tomography of the abdomen and pelvis, revealing massive distention of the urinary bladder* (A) sagittal view; and hydronephrosis* (B) axial view; (C) coronal view.

Diabetic Cystopathy with Bilateral Hydronephrosis

A 40-year-old man with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (glycated hemoglobin 19%) with related peripheral neuropathy, nephropathy, and proliferative retinopathy presented with epigastric discomfort, anorexia, polyuria, polydipsia, nausea, and diminished urine output. His longstanding use of insulin was halted in the preceding month owing to termination of employment and loss of health insurance coverage. Examination revealed […]

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Selected cuts from magnetic resonance imaging of the spine.

Atypical Cause of Functional Decline in Parkinson’s Disease

A 74-year-old Chinese man with past medical history of Parkinson’s disease presented with rapid functional decline over 2 months. From being able to ambulate independently, he had become bedridden and was dependent in activities of daily living. On admission, he was also noted to be coughing on eating and had visual hallucinations for 2 weeks […]

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