Archive | liver RSS feed for this section
Midclavicular and transaxial measurements of the liver.

How Strongly Do Physical Examination Estimates and Ultrasonographic Measurements of Liver Size Correlate? A Prospective Study

Liver size assessed by physical examination and ultrasound has long been used to gain useful clinical information. The size measurements obtained by these modalities have been difficult to compare as they are measured in 2 different axes (transaxial vs midclavicular). Our objective was to identify a measurement correlation between ultrasound and physical examination liver size […]

Read more
(A) Ultrasonography demonstrated a linear hypoechoic structure (arrows) in an area of tissue breakdown in the left lobe of the liver. (B) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a hypointense, coiled structure (arrows) in an abscess in the liver's left lobe. (C) MRI disclosed a linear hypointense structure—a worm, which is denoted by the arrow—in the abscess in the liver parenchyma. (D) MRI with contrast identified the liver abscess (asterisk) and the nonenhancing, hypointense worm (arrow).

A Worm Hole: Liver Abscess in Ascariasis

A patient with an infection that is often asymptomatic developed an uncommon complication. The 60-year-old woman presented with fever and pain in the epigastrium and right hypochondrium, symptoms that had existed for the previous 5 days. On touch, she was clearly febrile. Her temperature was 38.6°C (101.5°F). Her blood pressure and pulse rate were within […]

Read more
Significant interstate variability exists in liver disease-related mortality. States' color and height represent liver disease mortality.

Geographic Variability in Liver Disease-Related Mortality Rates in the United States

Liver disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Geographic variations in the burden of chronic liver disease may have significant impact on public health policies but have not been explored at the national level. The objective of this study is to examine interstate variability in liver disease mortality in […]

Read more

Screening for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients with Cirrhosis: A Need to Increase Awareness

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver cancer, occurring largely in patients with cirrhosis. The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma is rising in the US, as is its mortality, making hepatocellular carcinoma one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the country.1 Despite the fact that early detection improves survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, […]

Read more

Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder in Patients with Alcoholic Liver Disease

Alcohol is a leading cause of liver disease worldwide. Although alcohol abstinence is the crucial therapeutic goal for patients with alcoholic liver disease, these patients have less access to psychosocial, behavioral, and/or pharmacologic treatments for alcohol use disorder. Psychosocial and behavioral therapies include 12-step facilitation, brief interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and motivational enhancement therapy. In […]

Read more
Macrophage activation syndrome leading to massive hepatomegaly due to steatohepatitis and extreme hyperferritinemia in adult-onset Still's disease. (A), Marrow hemophagocytosis, showing macrophage ingestion of red blood cells (arrow). (B), Macrophage ingestion of leukocytes (arrow). (C), Massive hepatomegaly down to the pelvic brim. (D), Massive hepatosplenomegaly, with the liver showing minimal fluorodeoxyglucose uptake. (E), Liver biopsy showing mixed microvesicular and macrovesicular steatosis. (F), Immunohistochemical staining for CD3, showing that the scanty small lymphoid cells were mainly T cells, most likely to be reactive.

Pyrexia, Massive Hepatomegaly, and Extreme Hyperferritinemia

A 39-year-old woman presented with pyrexia. Extensive investigations showed negative results. On referral, she was febrile (41°C) and jaundiced, with a massive hepatomegaly to the pelvis. Clinical Summary Investigations showed a hemoglobin level of 9.3 g/dL, leukocyte level of 2.3×109/L, platelet level of 162×109/L, bilirubin level of 76 (4-23) μmol/L, alanine aminotransferase level of 94 […]

Read more