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A Tale of Two Cities: Persistently High Homicide Rates in Baltimore City Compared With Significant Declines in New York City

Deaths from homicide are a major public health problem in the United States and throughout the world. Further, the United States has experienced homicide rates that are 6.9 times higher than those in other high-income countries, and the vast majority are attributable to firearms.1 For many decades there have been striking regional variations among various cities […]

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Sleep Duration and Risk of Fatal Coronary Heart Disease, Sudden Cardiac Death, Cancer Death, and All-Cause Mortality

Sleep duration has been shown to be associated with all-cause mortality; however, its relationship with cause-specific fatal events remains uncertain. We examined the relationship between sleep duration and risk of fatal coronary heart disease, sudden cardiac death, cancer-related death, and all-cause mortality. Methods Sleep duration was self-reported at baseline examinations performed between March 20, 1984, […]

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A rattlesnake bite wound hours after the incident. There is swelling of the digit and palm with hemorrhagic bullous formation circumferentially around the finger. Erythema is present in the affected digit. The patient reported pain. Presentations like this may lead to unnecessary use of antibiotics. In this case, no antibiotics were administered and no infection developed.

Prophylactic Antibiotics Are Not Needed Following Rattlesnake Bites (video)

Antibiotics are sometimes administered to victims of rattlesnake bites in the hope of preventing infections. Experts in the field recommend that prophylactic antibiotics not be used because secondary infections are rare. Current recommendations are based on a small number of studies conducted in the United States. We decided to reexamine the issue by taking advantage […]

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The Limits of Cardiac Performance: Can Too Much Exercise Damage the Heart?

  Routine moderate-intensity physical activity confers numerous cardiovascular benefits and reduces all-cause mortality. However, the health impact of exercise doses that exceed contemporary physical activity guidelines remains incompletely understood, and an emerging body of literature suggests that high levels of exercise may have the capacity to damage the cardiovascular system. This review focuses on the […]

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Intra-Abdominal Varix Rupture: A Life-Threatening Cause of Hemoperitoneum

A 54-year-old male with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis presented after a syncopal event and ground-level fall. Initial examination noted a distended abdomen without overlying bruising. At admission, his hemoglobin was 6.3 g/dL from a baseline of 8-10 g/dL. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen was notable for “complex ascites” adjacent to his liver concerning for […]

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Myocardial Infarction

J. Heuser
19. June 2006

Short-Term Prognosis of Myocardial Injury, Type 1, and Type 2 Myocardial Infarction in the Emergency Unit

Type 2 myocardial infarction and nonischemic myocardial injury, corresponding to troponin elevation without atherothrombosis, are emerging concepts suspected of being common in emergency departments (ED). However, their respective frequencies, risk profiles, and short-term prognoses remain to be investigated. METHODS Among all the patients admitted from January 2014 to December 2016 in a university hospital ED […]

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