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The association between body mass index and efficacy and safety endpoints. The solid lines represent the incidence ratio (per 100 person-years) at each body mass index interval. The dashed lines represent the upper and lower bounds of the 95% confidence interval. The bars represent the distribution of body mass index values. The P values are for unadjusted trends.

Body Mass Index, Intensive Blood Pressure Management, and Cardiovascular Events in the SPRINT Trial

It is unclear whether intensive blood pressure management is well-tolerated and affects risk uniformly across the body mass index (BMI) spectrum. Methods The randomized, controlled Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) included 9361 individuals ≥50 years of age at high cardiovascular risk, without diabetes mellitus, with systolic blood pressure between 130 and 180 mmHg. Participants […]

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Young Adults and Adverse Childhood Events: A Potent Measure of Cardiovascular Risk

  While cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, its determinants include unhealthy behaviors and clinical risk factors and are recognized as the “actual causes” of death. Risk likely accumulates over the life course, and adverse childhood experiences may increase the risk of “actual causes” of death. The objectives of the study are to […]

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Magnitude of Venous Thromboembolism Risk in US Hospitals: Impact of Evolving National Guidelines for Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism

  The annual number of US hospital discharges at risk for venous thromboembolism and the impact of evolving American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) consensus guidelines for prevention of venous thromboembolism are unknown. Methods Three risk-assessment algorithms based on 2004, 2008, and 2012 ACCP guidelines for prevention of venous thromboembolism were applied to the 2014 […]

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Health Care Providers’ Advice on Lifestyle Modification in the US Population: Results from the NHANES 2011-2016

  Health care providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. Methods Adults ages 20-64years (n = 11,467) from […]

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Sleep Apnea

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are frequent and can have serious consequences on patients’ health and quality of life. While some sleep disorders are more challenging to treat, most can be easily managed with adequate interventions. We review the main diagnostic features of 6 major sleep disorders (insomnia, circadian rhythm disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, hypersomnia/narcolepsy, parasomnias, and restless legs […]

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Marijuana’s Effects on Brain Structure and Function: What Do We Know and What Should We Do? A Brief Review and Commentary

The present epidemic of opioid addiction and the enthusiasm about marijuana use by advocates of its legalization may have diverted attention from its reported adverse health effects. These include clinical studies that demonstrate chronic marijuana use is associated with long-term deleterious effects on cognition.1 Neuroscientists have been carefully pairing neurodiagnostic tools with newer neuroimaging technologies to […]

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