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Cigarette Smoking in Persons Living with Hepatitis C: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2014

Cigarette smoking is common in persons living with hepatitis C (hepatitis C+), but national statistics on this harmful practice are lacking. A better understanding of smoking behaviors in hepatitis C+ individuals may help in the development of targeted treatment strategies. Methods We extracted data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and […]

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(A) Three-dimensional reconstruction of the computed tomography scan demonstrating aneurysmal dilation of the entire length of descending thoracic and abdominal aorta. (B) Computed tomography angiogram showing thoracic aorta aneurysm. (C) Computed tomography angiogram showing abdominal aortic aneurysm with a focal saccular aneurysm in the infrarenal part with periaortic stranding (arrow).

Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm in a Professional Body Builder

To the Editor: A 33-year-old otherwise healthy man presented with worsening epigastric and flank pain for 3 weeks. He denied having vomiting, diarrhea, fever, urinary symptoms, or history of kidney stones. His vital signs were significant for a blood pressure of 140/72 mm Hg and pulse rate of 94 beats/min. Acute coronary syndrome was excluded by electrocardiography. A […]

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Diffuse nonpainful ecchymoses on posterior thighs in dependent areas.

Scurvy, a Not-So-Ancient Disease

A 65-year-old man with a history of alcohol and tobacco use and few medical interactions presented with 1 week of progressive dyspnea. Examination revealed a cachectic man with large areas of nonpainful ecchymoses on the posterior thighs (Figure). Additional skin findings included spider angiomata on the face and chest, scattered bruising on upper extremities, and […]

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Lifestyle Risk Factors Increase the Risk of Hospitalization for Sciatica: Findings of Four Prospective Cohort Studies

The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of lifestyle risk factors on the risk of hospitalization for sciatica and to determine whether overweight or obesity modifies the effect of leisure-time physical activity on hospitalization for sciatica. Methods We included 4 Finnish prospective cohort studies (Health 2000 Survey, Mobile Clinic Survey, Helsinki Health […]

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Contrast-enhanced axial slice abdominal computed tomography showing extensive peripancreatic phlegmon with abundant gas (arrows) replacing the necrotizing nonenhancing pancreatic tail. Note the normal enhancement of the pancreatic parenchyma medial to the tail.

Emphysematous Pancreatitis

A 63-year-old woman with a history of severe alcohol abuse presented with persistent abdominal pain radiating to the back, vomiting, and lassitude over a week. Examination showed tachycardia, abdominal tenderness, and bipedal edema. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated only fatty liver. Laboratory tests were notable for white blood cell count of 16.1 × 109/L, serum albumin 1.8 g/dL, and increased […]

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smoking cigarette in the hand of young man close up

Smoking Cessation: The Urgent Need for Increased Utilization of Varenicline

In the US, cigarette smoking causes 480,000 premature deaths annually, due mainly to a twofold increased risk of cardiovascular disease and a 20-fold increased risk of lung cancer.1 Public health efforts and effective cessation treatments–including behavioral counseling and medications–have decreased US rates to approximately 14%; they are markedly increasing in most developing countries.2 Smoking and the emerging […]

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